(2017) Infuence of grape seeds and stems on wine composition and astringency
Wine & Viticulture Journal 32 (3) (2017) 16–20

Olga Pascual
Elena González-Royo
Mariona Gil
Sergio Gómez-Alonso
Esteban García-Romero
Joan Miquel Canals
Isidro Hermosín-Gutíerrez
Fernando Zamora

While several scientific studies have highlighted the influence of seeds on wine colour and composition, few have explored the influence of stems on wine colour, composition and quality.

A team of Spanish researchers have investigated how seeds and stems contribute to the colour, astringency and phenolic composition of a Cabernet Sauvignon wine.